Tuesday, June 8, 2010

Prevention method for polyps

How can I prevent polyps? 
 
Doctors don't know of any one sure way to prevent polyps. But you might be able to lower your risk of getting them if you

· eat a high fiber diet, (i.e. more fruits and vegetables) and less fatty food.
· don't smoke
· avoid alcohol
· exercise every day
· lose weight if you're overweight


Eating more calcium and folate can also lower your risk of getting polyps. Some foods that are rich in calcium are milk, cheese, and broccoli. Some foods that are rich in folate are chickpeas, kidney beans, and spinach.

Points to remember 
 
· A polyp is extra tissue that grows inside the body. Most polyps are not harmful.
· Symptoms may include constipation or diarrhea for more than a week or blood on your underwear, on toilet paper, or in your stool.
· Many polyps do not cause symptoms.
· Doctors remove all polyps and test them for cancer.
· Talk to your doctor about getting tested for polyps if
· you have any symptoms
· you're 50 years old or older
· someone in your family has had polyps or colon cancer


Most colon examinations using the flexible colonoscope, including polyp removal, can be performed on an outpatient basis with minimal discomfort. Large polyps may require more than one treatment for complete removal. Some polyps cannot be removed by instruments because of their size or position; surgery is then required. 

Once a polyp is completely removed, its recurrence is very unusual. However, the same factors that caused the polyp to form are still present. New polyps will develop in at least 30 percent of people who have previously had polyps. Patients should have regular exams by a physician specially trained to treat diseases of the colon and rectum.

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