Friday, June 10, 2016

Screening and Diagnostic Mammography CPT CODE 77051, 77063, G0202, G0279


CPT/HCPCS Codes

77051 Computer dx mammogram add-on
77052 Comp screen mammogram add-on
77055 Mammogram one breast
77056 Mammogram both breasts
77057 Mammogram screening
77063 Breast tomosynthesis bi
G0202 Screeningmammographydigital
G0204 Diagnosticmammographydigital
G0206 Diagnosticmammographydigital
G0279 Tomosynthesis, mammo

Screening Mammogram

A screening mammography is a radiologic procedure furnished to a woman without signs or symptoms of breast disease, for the purpose of early detection breast cancer,and includes a physician’s interpretation of the results of the procedure. A screening mammogram does not require a physician’s referral, however, detection of a radiographic abnormality, may prompt the interpreting radiologist to order additional views on the same day. When this is the case, the mammography is no longer considered to be a screening exam and should be reported as a diagnostic mammogram. Radiologists who order additional tests must refer back to the treating physician or qualified non-physician practitioner for his/her UPIN and report back to the treating physician the condition of the patient. No separate reimbursement will be made for additional views. The cost for additional views is included in the cost of the diagnostic mammography service. Screening mammogram(s) (digital and non-digital) for the following indications are allowed:

Asymptomatic women ages 40 and older are eligible for a screening mammography (digital and non-digital) performed after at least 11 months have passed following the month in which the last screening mammography was performed.

Women between the ages of 35 and 39 are eligible to receive one baseline screening mammogram.

Women with breast implants are eligible for screening mammography when the screening mammogram is performed within the aforementioned age and frequency limitations.
Services will only be allowed if supplied by certified suppliers or FDA-certified mammography centers.

Limitations

The screening mammogram must be, at a minimum a two-view exposure (cranio-caudal and a medial lateral oblique view) of each breast.

Payment may not be made for a screening mammography performed on a woman under age 35.
Payment may be made for only one screening mammography performed on a woman over age 34, but under age 40.

Screening mammograms performed prior to 11 months lapsing following the month in which the last screening mammography service was rendered is noncovered.

Facilities that perform screening mammography services may not release screening mammography x-rays for interpretation to physicians who are not approved under the facility’s certification number unless the patient has requested a transfer of the films from one facility to another for a second opinion or the patient has moved to another part of the country where the next screening mammography will be performed.

Diagnostic Mammography

A diagnostic mammography is a radiologic procedure furnished to a man or woman with signs and symptoms of breast disease, or a personal history of breast cancer, or a personal history of biopsy-proven benign breast disease, and includes a physician’s interpretation of the results of the procedure.

Diagnostic mammogram(s) are allowed for the following indications:

-the patient is under the care of the referring/ordering physician or qualified non-physician practitioner;
-there are signs and/or symptoms suggestive of malignancy (mass, some types of spontaneous nipple discharge or skin changes);
-there are possible radiographic abnormalities detected on screening mammography;
-there is short interval follow-up (less than one year) necessary for unresolved clinical/radiographic concerns; or
-follow-up of established history of a malignancy is necessary

Diagnostic breast evaluation may be indicated in cases of a personal history of malignancy and in cases of benign biopsy-proven breast disease. These diagnoses should not, however, routinely warrant a diagnostic mammography.

A breast implant does not necessarily imply that a mammogram is diagnostic in nature. Although additional views may be needed, these additional views do not necessarily constitute a diagnostic mammogram, unless there are specific findings that require investigation.

Medicare Part B covers diagnostic mammography services if they are furnished by a facility that meets the certification requirements of section 354 of the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act), as implemented by 21 CFR part 900, subpart B. As of October 1, 1994, the Mammography Quality Standards Act requires that all mammography centers that bill Medicare be certified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Only FDA-certified mammography centers will be reimbursed.

A physician (or qualified non-physician practitioner) referral is required for diagnostic mammography. The patient must be under the care of the physician (or qualified non-physician practitioner) who orders the procedure. The order should specify the diagnosis prompting the referral for a diagnostic mammogram.

Diagnostic mammography should be performed under the direct, on-site supervision of an interpreting physician qualified in mammography. Diagnostic mammography may require that the performing radiologist review the history with the patient, review the prior mammograms, and perform an examination as part of the mammography. Also, the findings of the examination are typically discussed with the patient at the completion of the mammogram. Therefore, if telemammography is being used with digital diagnostic mammography, the radiologist need not be present for the mammography; however, he/she must be available to discuss the history with the patient, examine the patient, and discuss results of the findings of the examination with the patient within an acceptable period of time.

Limitations

This policy does not outline complete indications and limitations of breast ultrasound but addresses the limitations of screening mammography with breast ultrasound. (There is no Medicare benefit.)

Breast ultrasound is not a Medicare preventive services benefit. Therefore, routine breast cancer screening with ultrasound (including patients with dense breast tissue) is not a Medicare covered service. Clinical evidence has not yet demonstrated that routine use of ultrasonography as an adjunct to screening mammography reduces the mortality rate from breast cancer.

Breast ultrasonography may be reasonable and necessary in addition to a diagnostic mammography for the evaluation of some ambiguous mammographic or palpable masses, focal asymmetry, or dense breast tissue that may represent or mask a mass. Breast ultrasonography may also be performed for non-palpable masses, detected by mammography, to differentiate cysts from solid lesions.

Breast ultrasound is medically reasonable and necessary as an aid for radiologists to localize breast lesions and in guiding placement of instruments for cyst aspiration and percutaneous breast biopsies. (This is not an all-inclusive list.) If breast ultrasound is medically reasonable and necessary and done on the same day as a screening mammography, the screening mammography becomes diagnostic.

The request (order) for the ultrasound examination must be originated by a treating physician/NPP. This requirement is not applicable to hospital based radiologists for inpatient or outpatient breast ultrasound.

A radiologist performing a therapeutic interventional procedure is considered a treating physician. A radiologist performing a diagnostic interventional or diagnostic procedure is not considered a treating physician.

If the testing facility has no order for breast ultrasound and cannot reach the treating physician/practitioner to obtain a new order for the addition of breast ultrasound when needed and documents this in the medical record, then the testing facility may furnish the additional diagnostic test if all of the following criteria apply:

The testing center performs the mammography ordered by the treating physician/practitioner;

The interpreting physician at the testing facility determines and documents that, because of the abnormal result of the diagnostic test performed, an additional diagnostic test is medically necessary;

Delaying the performance of the additional diagnostic test would have an adverse effect on the care of the beneficiary;

The result of the test is communicated to and is used by the treating physician/practitioner in the treatment of the beneficiary; and

The interpreting physician at the testing facility documents in his/her report why additional testing was done.

Breast sonography should be performed under the general supervision of a physician qualified in breast ultrasonography.

The ultrasound study must have a permanent written record along with the accompanying set of images in retrievable image storage format. The images and report should become a part of the patient’s permanent medical record.

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