Sunday, July 21, 2019

CPT S0390, 11055, 11056, 11057, 11719, 11721, G0127, - Routine Foot Care Services

Coding   code Description CPT

11055 Paring or cutting of benign hyperkeratotic lesion (eg, corn or callus); single lesion

11056 Paring or cutting of benign hyperkeratotic lesion (eg, corn or callus); 2 to 4 lesions

11057 Paring or cutting of benign hyperkeratotic lesion (eg, corn or callus); more than 4 lesions

11719 Trimming of nondystrophic nails, any number

11720 Debridement of nail(s) by any method(s); 1 to 5

11721 Debridement of nail(s) by any method(s); 6 or more

G0127 Trimming of dystrophic nails, any number

S0390 Routine foot care; removal and/or trimming of corns, calluses and/or nails and preventive maintenance in specific medical conditions (eg, diabetes), per visit

Routine Foot Care Services


Introduction


Most adults are able to provide their own routine foot care, such as trimming nails or filing calluses. Therefore, this type of foot care is not covered under the medical benefits. However, for some individuals with certain medical conditions, it may be important to have professional help with routine foot care in order to prevent serious problems. Routine foot care includes services such as cutting corns and calluses or trimming, cutting, clipping, or removing part of the nail (debridement). This benefit coverage guideline discusses when routine foot care may be covered.

Note:   The Introduction section is for your general knowledge and is not to be taken as policy coverage criteria. The rest of the policy uses specific words and concepts familiar to medical professionals. It is intended for providers. A provider can be a person, such as a doctor, nurse, psychologist, or dentist. A provider also can be a place where medical care is given, like a hospital, clinic, or lab. This policy informs them about when a service may be covered. 
Coverage Guideline 

Indication Medical Necessity

Conditions associated with poor blood flow to the legs and feet

Routine foot care may be considered medically necessary for patients with conditions associated with poor blood flow to the legs and feet such as peripheral vascular disease and/or numbness (desensitization). 


Indication Medical Necessity

Routine foot care Routine foot care, such as trimming nails or removing corns and calluses, does not typically require the skills of a qualified provider of foot care services and is therefore considered not medically necessary.



ICD-10 Diagnosis Codes - Covered
A52.16 Charcot's arthropathy (tabetic)
B35.1 Dermatophitosis (Tinea unquium)
B37.2 Candidiasis of skin and nail
B52.0 Plasmodium malariae with neuropathy
E08.00 – E13.9 Diabetes Mellitus
O24.011 – O24.93 Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy
G13.0 – G13.1 Systemic atrophy and neuropathy
G6281 – G65.2 Polyneuropathies


Code Description
G73.3 Myasthenic syndromes in other diseases classified elsewhere
G90.09 Peripheral neuropathy
G99.0 Autonomic neuropathy
I70.201 – I70.799 Atherosclerosis of arteries, lower extremities
I73.00 – I79.8 Peripheral vascular disease
I80.00 – I80.3 Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis, lower extremities
I82.501 – I87.9 Chronic embolism and thrombosis, lower extremities
I89.0 Lymphedema
I99.8 Circulatory system disorder
L02.415 – L03.129 Infections of skin and subcutaneous tissue, lower limb
L11.0 Acquired keratosis follicularis
L60.0 – L60.9 Nail disorders
L84 – L85.2, L86, L87.0, L87.2, L97.501 – L97.529
Disorders of skin and subcutaneous tissue
M05.571 – M05.59 Polyarthropathies
M14.671 – M14.69 Arthropathies, Charcot's joint, ankle and foot  
M20.10 – M02.12 Hallus valgus
M34.83 Systemic sclerosis with polyneuropathy
M90.561 – M90.59 Osteonecrosis, lower ley, ankle and foot
M90.861 – M90.89 Osteopathy, lower leg, ankle and foot
Q82.0 Hereditary lymphedema
R20.0 – R20.9 Disorders of skin and subcutaneous tissue
R60.0 – R60.9 Edema
Note:  CPT codes, descriptions and materials are copyrighted by the American Medical Association (AMA). HCPCS codes, descriptions and materials are copyrighted by Centers for Medicare Services (CMS).


This coverage guideline describes the clinical indications for routine foot care services.  

Routine foot care includes:

* Cutting or removal of corns and calluses
* Trimming, cutting/clipping and debridement of nails

Generally, routine foot care services are performed by the member or the caregiver. However, if certain medical conditions are present they may pose a hazard when foot care is performed by a non-professional. 

The following conditions may pose a risk to life or limb loss, so a qualified provider of foot care services should perform the routine foot care. Conditions that may require a qualified provider to perform routine foot care include but are not limited to any of the following:

* Arteriosclerosis of the extremities
* Buerger’s disease (ie, thromboangiitis obliterans)
* Chronic thrombophlebitis of lower extremities
* Diabetes
* Peripheral neuropathies
* Peripheral vascular disease

This policy only addresses routine foot care. It does not address the treatment of symptomatic diseases and medical conditions of the feet, which may include:
* Bunion
* Bursitis
* Hammer toe
* Heel spur
* Ingrown toenail
* Neuroma
* Plantar fasciitis
* Sprain/strain of the foot
* Warts, including

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